Do Dogs Teeth Fall Out?

Carole Curtis is a qualified dental therapist who loves dogs

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Your dogs suffer in silence because they can't tell you about . . .

their painful teeth    |     their flea problems    |     or their allergies

 


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All about periodontal grades

How periodontal disease (gum disease) is graded and treated

There are a number of factors used to assess the oral health of dogs and to allocate periodontal grades to each one checked.

These include:

  • The symptoms of gum disease, e.g. the health of the gums.
  • The depth of the pockets between the gum and the teeth (this is measured using a calibrated probe. In a dog with healthy gums the normal depth is 2-3 mm.
  • The x-ray results.
  • The amount and distribution of plaque and calculus.

After assessing these criteria, the severity of periodontal disease present can be determined and a probable outcome or prognosis made.

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Periodontal grades and treatment chart

For ease of understanding where your dog's current dental diagnosis fits, we have prepared the following chart as a general guide to periodontal grades.

 

Periodontal disease

Grade

Symptoms of gum disease

X-ray changes

Plaque & Calculus

Treatment for gum disease & prognosis

Early gingivitis 1 Mild redness No change Mild amount of plaque Antibiotics during & after cleaning & prophylaxis.

Reversible.

Advanced gingivitis 2 Redness & edema Very little change *Subgingival plaque Antibiotics during & after cleaning & prophylaxis.

Reversible.

Early periodontitis 3 Redness, edema, bleeding gums with gentle probing, recession of gum tissues *Subgingival calculus, 10-30% loss of bone support *Subgingival calculus Antibiotics during & after cleaning & prophylaxis.

May require extractions and gingivectomy.

Irreversible.

Established periodontitis 4 Severe inflammation, gum recession, loose &/or missing teeth, bleeding gums, deep pus & infected pockets. Over 30% bone loss Larger amounts of *subgingival calculus Antibiotics during and after cleaning & prophylaxis.

May require extractions & gingivectomy.

Irreversible.

Key to periodontal grades and treatment chart

*Subgingival = under the gum line.
**Gingival sulcus = the "pocket" formed between the tooth and the gum.
***Gingivectomy = surgical removal of gum tissues.

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Home  |  Welcome  |  About Us  |  How To Clean My Dogs Teeth  |  Dental Disease Precursors  |  Dog Dental Decay  |  Gingivitis in Dogs
Periodontal Disease in Dogs  |  Periodontal Grades  |  Prevention of Periodontal Disease  |  Dog Stomatitis  |  Dog Dental Anesthesia
Dog Bacterial Infections  |  Dog Dental Care  |  Puppy Breath  |  Dog Breath Cure  |  Your Dog's Diet  |  Dog Dental Facts
Dog Dental FAQ  |  Dog Dental Care Products  |  Insights & Articles  |  Useful Links  |  Our Privacy Policy  |  Disclaimer

Follow these links and soak up the free information to gain a happier, healthier dog who thinks you are the best person on the planet!

Your dogs suffer in silence because they can't tell you about . . .

their painful teeth    |     their flea problems    |     or their allergies

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